Children’s Protection During Armed Conflict and the Criminal Responsibility of Child Soldiers

The case of child soldiers is a clear example of role reversals, where victims become perpetrators. In many cases, these children start as victims of war crimes and end up becoming offenders of similar crimes to the ones they suffered before.

Accounting for ‘Victims who Victimize’ in International Criminal Justice: Is Restorative Justice the Way Forward?

On one hand restorative justice affirms that a perpetrator’s past does not justify future conduct, however, on the other it goes a step further than punitive justice.