The Russian assault against Ukraine is not only a manifest violation of the prohibition on the use of force, a cornerstone of the international legal order set up in the aftermath of World War II, but also a flagrant crime against peace that facilitates the commission of other international crimes, such as the perpetration of war crimes.
The case of child soldiers is a clear example of role reversals, where victims become perpetrators. In many cases, these children start as victims of war crimes and end up becoming offenders of similar crimes to the ones they suffered before.
The use of force carried out by law enforcement agencies in the context of protests in Latin America is continuously restricting peaceful demonstrations, criminalizing participants and threatening the fundamental values of democratic states.
Women and girls in Ethiopia have been the predominant target of sexual assaults and SGBV resulting in severe harm to their physical and psychological integrity.